38 million – October 2023


9,984,671 km2

Political system

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy

All four signed on December 8th, 1949, and ratified on May 14th, 1965.

Signed April 22th, 2016 and ratified October 5th, 2016

Signed on August 23rd, 1985, and ratified on June 24th, 1987.

Signed on August 24th, 1966, and ratified on October 14th,1970.


Signed on July 17th, 1980, and ratified on December 10th, 1981. 

Signed on May 28th, 1990, and ratified on December 13th, 1991. 

Signed on March 30th, 2007, and ratified on March 11th, 2010.

Signed on November 28th, 1949, and ratified on September 3rd, 1952. 

Is it legal/respected overall?

Freedom score by the Freedom House (2023